Note: The following page contains information on CAL-133 and TB-133 fire code. It is not intended to serve as policy. For more information on CAL-133, see below to view the guidelines from the California Bureau of Electronic and Appliance Repair, Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation.
CAL-133 or TB-133 is a fire regulation that regulates upholstered furniture and any other upholstery within a commercial setting. Typically, this code is what restaurants, hotels and other public-areas in commercial buildings need to adhere to.
At Furniture Concepts, we are CAL-133 specialists, and have fabricated millions of dollars worth of CAL-133 furniture since our launch in 1994. This page is to help give our customers CAL-133 and TB-133 Fire Code Information.
CAL-133 is the code enforced by the City of Boston for public-area settings where more than 49 people assemble. However, if the location does not have a sprinkler system installed, the building may still need to adhere to CAL-133 regardless of assembly size. To see if your project needs to adhere to CAL-133, we recommend contacting the Boston Fire Department, or the local fire department in your community.
The code’s main objective is contain the flame of a potential fire. The standard foams and fabrics used in typical furniture is highly flammable. The code requires an upholstery process and material that helps contain the spread of an open flame.
If CAL-133 is the mandated code in your area, and you do not adhere to that code with your upholstery products, you run the risk of an insurance company not covering a claim, or other potential legal threats, if the worst-case scenario happened and a fire broke out in your facility.
In order for a piece of furniture to comply with CAL-133, a full-scale burn test must be executed and those results provided to the fire department for approval.
A piece of furniture is placed in a test room and ignited, where the lab measures temperature, smoke, flame height, the amount of carbon monoxide generated and other factors, which are then compared to CAL-133 criteria to establish compliance or non-compliance.
In order to meet the CAL-133 requirements, our upholsterers at Furniture Concepts need to upholster pieces in a particular manner, including using barrier products that prevent flames from spreading.
In order to meet the strictest requirements in the country, all of our commercial furniture at Furniture Concepts meets CAL-133 requirements.
All furniture that meets code must also be labeled to show compliance, but oftentimes a permit is required by the local fire department, where they will review full-scale burn tests as well as fabric flame information.
CAL-133 was originated in California, but other states have begun to adopt its guidelines, as its currently the strictest in the nation.
For more information on CAL-133, click here to view the guidelines from the California Bureau of Electronic and Appliance Repair, Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation.